Sound permits the filmmaker to represent
time in various ways. This is because the time represented on the soundtrack
may or may not be the same that represented in the image.
Story time consist of order, duration and frequency of all the events pertinent to the narrative whatever they are shown to us or not.
Plot time consists of temporal qualities (order, duration, and frequency) of the events actually present in the film.
Story and plot time can be manipulated in two principal ways, by..
This is a manipulation of the story order.
By means of nonsimultaneous sound the film can give us information about story events without showing them to us.
from earlier in story than image
Sound from later in story than image
Temporal relation in cinema is more complicated than David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson's table shows.
When the hero in a western serial tells about long lost battles and we, the audience hear sounds of that battle, we got a "story inside a story" with three temporal layers:
Edited excerpts from David Bordwell's & Kristin Thompson's "Sound
in Cinema" in FILM ART - an introduction
Art: An Introduction and Film Viewers Guide
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