Film Sound Design 
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Walter Murch Articles 

Sound designer and film editor Walter Murch may be one of the most and diverse below-the-line talents to be working in movies today. 



 
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   Film Sound Terminology 
 
ADR 

Ambience 

Direct sound and Reflected sound 

Characteristic sound 

Diegetic sound 

Emotional realism 

Establishing sound 

Foley 

Hyper-real Sound 

MOS 

Non-diegetic sound 

Natural sounds 

Location sound

Point-of-audition sound 

Presence 

Production Sound 

Room Tone 

Semi-sync 

Sound designer 

Sound hermeneutic 

Sound motif 

Sound loop 

Soundscape 

Supervising Sound Editor 

Sweeten 

THX 

Walla

 
G L O S S A R I E S:
   Queen´s Film studies   Dolby Laboratories, Inc.
 Mix Magazine
   Sound perspective 
   Balance 
   Microphones
   Film Sound Glossary  Larry Blakeís Film Sound Glossary
 
   David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson's  Terminology
 (They use mostly musical terms)
Acoustic properties: 

Loudness 
- sound volume 

Pitch 
- the perceived "highness" or "lowness" of the sound 

Timbre 
- a sounds "color" or tone quality

Dimensions of Film Sound: 

Rhythm 
- sound's rhythmic qualities 

Fidelity 
- sound faithful to its source  

Space 
- sound's spatial dimension 

Time 
- simultaneous and nonsimultaneous sound

 
"Not a single sound in cinema can be adequately  
described with musical terminology" 
Rich Altman criticizes musical terminology
 
 
   Robert L Mott's Nine Components of Sound
   
Every sound has its own distinctive wave form.  
Nine components must be considered to successfully reproduce or create new sounds. 
 
Musical components:  Sound envelope components: 
Record and playback component: 
 
 
   Michel Chion´s Terminology
  
Acousmatic sound 
- sound one hears without seeing their originating cause  

Acousmêtre 
- a kind of invisible voice-character with mysterious powers 

Added Value 
- the expressive and/or informative value with which a sound enriches a image 

Audiovisual Contract 
- an agreement to forget that sound is coming from loudspeakers and picture from screen  

Anempathetic Sound 
- music or sound effects that seems to exhibit conspicuous indifference to what is going on in the film's plot 

Chronography  
-  the stabilisation of projection speed made cinema an art of time  

Empathetic Sound 
- music or sound effects whose mood matches the mood of the action 

Extension (of Sound Space) 

External logic 
- the logic by which the flow of sound includes effects of discontinuity as nondiegetic interventions 

Internal logic 
- the logic by which the sound flow is apparently born out of the narrative situation itself  

Magnetization (spatial) 
"mental pan" of the sound source 

Materializing Sound Indices (M. S. I.) 
- sonic details that "materialize" the sound source 

Rendering 
- the use of sounds to convey the feelings or effects associated with the situation on screen  

Synchresis 
- the mental fusion between a sound and a visual when these occur at exactly the same time  

Temporalization 
- influence of sound on the perception of time in the image 

Vococentrism 
- the privilige of the voice in audiovisual media 
 
 

"Chion is a poet in theoretician's clothing" 
- Claudia Gorbman writes about Michel Chion
 
 
Book Review: Michel Chion, Audio-Vision (Escom Newsletters)   
- by Nicola Phillips Faculty of Music, University of Cambridge
 
 
    On-line Articles
 












  •  Blue Velvet - a mixed genre film with horror film sound 


  • Moving Pictures That Talk  - The early history of film sound   

  • Sound recording and the ability to photograph and reproduce motion pictures began intersecting at the very beginning...... In 1891 a Dr. Georges Demeny makes claim to synchronous sound....Even earlier, in 1891, Edison was making inflated claims of achieving synchronous projected sound films....(by Mark Ulano, C.A.S)


  • Post Audio FAQ

  • - Frequently Asked Questions about Film & TV Post-Production







  • Misc.

  • Acoustic-Ecology, Architectural Acoustics etc

Links 

 
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I look forward to expanding and improving this page with your help! 
Thanks for visiting.
Sven E Carlsson
 

First version of this page 1/3 1997
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